Facts about tree ring dating
He raises the one-and-a-half story 1735 house to a full two stories, building the elaborate walnut stair and adding ‘closets’-one story wings-on the north and south sides.
He rusticates the wood siding to make it appear to be cut stone.
Today an exact replica rests in its place, while the original weathervane is displayed in the Donald W. Rustication is a technique designed to make a wooden house appear to be constructed from stone by beveling the edges of the siding boards to resemble individual blocks of stone.
The siding was painted and sand was thrown onto the wet paint, creating a rough stone-like texture.
Tree-ring dating of the Mansion has proven that a house built by Augustine in 1734 forms the nucleus of the current house.
George Washington begins an expansion of Mount Vernon as part of his climb through Virginia society.
The ceilings of the Mansion vary in height—the average height on the first floor is 10’ 9”, while on the third floor it is 7’3”.
LEARN MORE: TOUR THE INSIDE, ROOM BY ROOM Before Washington began construction work in 1774, he executed a design drawing showing how he intended the west front of the Mansion to look.
This break with architectural ideal is a good example of the value Washington placed on practical solutions to challenging design questions.
At 11,028 square feet with two and a half stories and a full cellar, the Mansion dwarfed the majority of dwelling houses in late 18th-century Virginia.
Most Virginians lived in one- or two-room houses ranging in size from roughly 200 to 1200 square feet; most of these houses could have fit inside the 24x31 foot New Room.
Washington first rusticated the Mansion in 1758 to make it appear constructed of structural sandstone blocks, which were more expensive than wood or even brick.
In doing so, Washington preserved the house his father built, while making it appear in the same league with other more substantially-built—and expensive—houses.
George Washington began leasing the property in 1754 and although he did not inherit it outright until 1762 , he expanded the house in 1758, raising the roof to make the Mansion two and a half stories high.